1363.05 Open Meeting Act
1363.05. (a) This section shall be known and may be cited as the
Common Interest Development Open Meeting Act.
(b) Any member of the association may attend meetings of the board
of directors of the association, except when the board adjourns to,
or meets solely in, executive session to consider litigation, matters
relating to the formation of contracts with third parties, member
discipline, personnel matters, or to meet with a member, upon the
member's request, regarding the member's payment of assessments, as
specified in Section 1367 or 1367.1. The board of directors of the
association shall meet in executive session, if requested by a member
who may be subject to a fine, penalty, or other form of discipline,
and the member shall be entitled to attend the executive session. As
specified in paragraph (2) of subdivision (k), a member of the
association shall be entitled to attend a teleconference meeting or
the portion of a teleconference meeting that is open to members, and
that meeting or portion of the meeting shall be audible to the
members in a location specified in the notice of the meeting.
(c) Any matter discussed in executive session shall be generally
noted in the minutes of the immediately following meeting that is
open to the entire membership.
(d) The minutes, minutes proposed for adoption that are marked to
indicate draft status, or a summary of the minutes, of any meeting of
the board of directors of an association, other than an executive
session, shall be available to members within 30 days of the meeting.
The minutes, proposed minutes, or summary minutes shall be
distributed to any member of the association upon request and upon
reimbursement of the association's costs for making that
(e) Members of the association shall be notified in writing at the
time that the pro forma budget required in Section 1365 is
distributed, or at the time of any general mailing to the entire
membership of the association, of their right to have copies of the
minutes of meetings of the board of directors, and how and where
those minutes may be obtained.
(f) Unless the bylaws provide for a longer period of notice,
members shall be given notice of the time and place of a meeting as
defined in subdivision (k), except for an emergency meeting or a
meeting that will be held solely in executive session, at least four
days prior to the meeting. Except for an emergency meeting, members
shall be given notice of the time and place of a meeting that will be
held solely in executive session at least two days prior to the
meeting. Notice shall be given by posting the notice in a prominent
place or places within the common area and by mail to any owner who
had requested notification of board meetings by mail, at the address
requested by the owner. Notice may also be given by mail, by delivery
of the notice to each unit in the development, by newsletter or
similar means of communication, or, with the consent of the member,
by electronic means. The notice shall contain the agenda for the
(g) An emergency meeting of the board may be called by the
president of the association, or by any two members of the governing
body other than the president, if there are circumstances that could
not have been reasonably foreseen which require immediate attention
and possible action by the board, and which of necessity make it
impracticable to provide notice as required by this section.
(h) The board of directors of the association shall permit any
member of the association to speak at any meeting of the association
or the board of directors, except for meetings of the board held in
executive session. A reasonable time limit for all members of the
association to speak to the board of directors or before a meeting of
the association shall be established by the board of directors.
(i) (1) Except as described in paragraphs (2) to (4), inclusive,
the board of directors of the association may not discuss or take
action on any item at a nonemergency meeting unless the item was
placed on the agenda included in the notice that was posted and
distributed pursuant to subdivision (f). This subdivision does not
prohibit a resident who is not a member of the board from speaking on
issues not on the agenda.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), a member of the board of
directors, a managing agent or other agent of the board of directors,
or a member of the staff of the board of directors, may do any of
(A) Briefly respond to statements made or questions posed by a
person speaking at a meeting as described in subdivision (h).
(B) Ask a question for clarification, make a brief announcement,
or make a brief report on his or her own activities, whether in
response to questions posed by a member of the association or based
upon his or her own initiative.
(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the board of directors or a
member of the board of directors, subject to rules or procedures of
the board of directors, may do any of the following:
(A) Provide a reference to, or provide other resources for factual
information to, its managing agent or other agents or staff.
(B) Request its managing agent or other agents or staff to report
back to the board of directors at a subsequent meeting concerning any
matter, or take action to direct its managing agent or other agents
or staff to place a matter of business on a future agenda.
(C) Direct its managing agent or other agents or staff to perform
administrative tasks that are necessary to carry out this
(4) (A) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the board of directors may
take action on any item of business not appearing on the agenda
posted and distributed pursuant to subdivision (f) under any of the
(i) Upon a determination made by a majority of the board of
directors present at the meeting that an emergency situation exists.
An emergency situation exists if there are circumstances that could
not have been reasonably foreseen by the board, that require
immediate attention and possible action by the board, and that, of
necessity, make it impracticable to provide notice.
(ii) Upon a determination made by the board by a vote of
two-thirds of the members present at the meeting, or, if less than
two-thirds of total membership of the board is present at the
meeting, by a unanimous vote of the members present, that there is a
need to take immediate action and that the need for action came to
the attention of the board after the agenda was posted and
distributed pursuant to subdivision (f).
(iii) The item appeared on an agenda that was posted and
distributed pursuant to subdivision (f) for a prior meeting of the
board of directors that occurred not more than 30 calendar days
before the date that action is taken on the item and, at the prior
meeting, action on the item was continued to the meeting at which the
action is taken.
(B) Before discussing any item pursuant to this paragraph, the
board of directors shall openly identify the item to the members in
attendance at the meeting.
(j) (1) The board of directors shall not take action on any item
of business outside of a meeting.
(2) (A) Notwithstanding Section 7211 of the Corporations Code, the
board of directors shall not conduct a meeting via a series of
electronic transmissions, including, but not limited to, electronic
mail, except as specified in subparagraph (B).
(B) Electronic transmissions may be used as a method of conducting
an emergency meeting if all members of the board, individually or
collectively, consent in writing to that action, and if the written
consent or consents are filed with the minutes of the meeting of the
board. These written consents may be transmitted electronically.
(k) As used in this section:
(1) "Item of business" means any action within the authority of
the board, except those actions that the board has validly delegated
to any other person or persons, managing agent, officer of the
association, or committee of the board comprising less than a
majority of the directors.
(2) "Meeting" means either of the following:
(A) A congregation of a majority of the members of the board at
the same time and place to hear, discuss, or deliberate upon any item
of business that is within the authority of the board.
(B) A teleconference in which a majority of the members of the
board, in different locations, are connected by electronic means,
through audio or video or both. A teleconference meeting shall be
conducted in a manner that protects the rights of members of the
association and otherwise complies with the requirements of this
title. Except for a meeting that will be held solely in executive
session, the notice of the teleconference meeting shall identify at
least one physical location so that members of the association may
attend and at least one member of the board of directors or a person
designated by the board shall be present at that location.
Participation by board members in a teleconference meeting
constitutes presence at that meeting as long as all board members
participating in the meeting are able to hear one another and members
of the association speaking on matters before the board.